Isamu Noguchi, born in Los Angeles in 1904, was a Japanese-born American architect, designer, sculptor, and set designer. He studied at Columbia University and the Leonardo Da Vinci School of Art and then established his first independent studio, working alongside Constantin Brancusi in Paris and presenting his first exhibition in New York City there shortly. He then moved to China to continue his studies in brush drawing, and then traveled to Japan to work in clay. The creation of his works originates from materials, made with a strong formal and sculptural simplicity. Initially he used metal exclusively and then expanded to the use of stone, wood, and bone. After the war he came into contact with Ikebana, or an ancient Japanese art based on nature, which gave him an important interest in Zen gardens and an openness to monumental art. He returned to America and embarked on nature-based experimentation, becoming world-renowned for designing public spaces, such as The Peace Garden in Paris, UNESCO's headquarters.