Walter Adolph Gropius was a German architect, urban planner and designer. Born in Berlin in 1883, he was one of the founders of the Bauhaus and is remembered as one of the masters of the Modern Movement in architecture. After studying in Berlin and Munich and completing his apprenticeship, he opened his own professional studio in 1925, where he created his first project, the Fagus shoe workshop, with Adolf Meyer. However, his career took off after the First World War, with the foundation of the Bauhaus design school, based on the reform of artistic work, returning to craftsmanship with the use of modern materials, common to all the arts. In 1935 he left the direction of the Bauhaus and joined the creation of CIAM (Congrés Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne). After fleeing the Nazi regime, he moved first to England and then to the USA, where he taught at Harvard and where he founded the TAC (The Architects Collaborative). He died in Boston in 1969, after a period dedicated to the construction of buildings such as the American Embassy in Athens (1956), the University of Baghdad (1958), the Gropiusstadt district of Berlin (1960) and many others.
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